COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES, Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission, CEA, France
The LSCE (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) is a joint research unit of the CNRS and the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), two major research agencies in France, and ) together with CNRS and UVSQ. CEA brings expertise in atmospheric composition monitoring, development and operation of related databases and a long track record of EU-US collaboration, especially for data sharing, measurement protocol harmonization, and joint analysis of data into data assimilation and inverse modelling frameworks. CEA has actively participated in a large number of EU funded projects including CARBOEUROPE-IP, QUANTIFY, CARBOOCEAN, CARBOAFRICA, NITROEUROPE-IP, MACC, MACC-II and InGOS. It coordinates GEOMON-IP, dealing with ground-based atmospheric observation database complementary to satellite, as well as ICOS-PP, the Preparatory Phase of the ICOS European research infrastructure for carbon observation. In ICOS-PP, CEA has a coordination role in legal and governance affairs, as well as in defining the standard atmospheric measurements protocols jointly with the community. In ICOS-PP and IMECC, CEA has been in charge of maintaining a near real time data collection scheme that required adhesion of the community. In GEOMON and CARBOEUROPE-IP, CEA has been in charge of developing and maintaining a database of long-term, validated data. CEA is also participating to several sensor development projects, including a novel approach involving micro-photoactoustics and multiplexed quantum cascade lasers, with industrial partners (MIRIADE project), and in-house development of several instruments that are currently operating in remote environment such as Greenland (Ivittut) and Côte d'Ivoire (Lamto).
MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V., Max Plank Society for Advancement of Research, MPG, Germany
The Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPG) is a research institute of the German Max Planck Society (MPG), founded in 1997. Its research mission is the investigation of the global biogeochemical cycles and their interaction with the climate system. The institute combines strong observational expertise (in-situ and remote sensing GHG observations, vegetation-atmosphere fluxes etc.) with local to global scale biosphere and atmosphere modelling (e.g. carbon cycle).
The MPG is one of the pivotal European biogeochemical cycle research institutions, and as such has been coordinating the EU-funded CarboEurope-IP project. The Institute is strongly involved in the EU-funded infrastructure projects IAGOS-ERI, ICOS, as well as NitroEurope-IP and GHG-Europe. MPG regularly advises
policy makers and has frequent contact with media/the public. Selected reference projects include EU-projects: CarboEurope-IP, IAGOS-ERI, ICOS, NitroEurope-IP, GHG-Europe, InGOS. The participating researchers have specific experience in the development of GHG observing systems (Winderlich et al., 2010; Gerbig et al., 2009), in lidar based mixing height observations (Biavati et al, 2011), and in their use in transport models (Kretschmer et al., 2012).
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN, University of Bremen, UBremen, Germany
The Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP) at the University of Bremen (UB) is amongst the leading European research institutions in the field of ground- and space-borne remote sensing of the atmosphere. The IUP has leading expertise in the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment GOME (since 1995 on ERS-2) and SCIAMACHY (since 2002 on Envisat) satellite project and is one of the drivers behind the GeoSCIA/GeoTROPE initiative. Parallel to the satellite studies, an important number of ground-based and airborne remote-sensing experiments are carried out by IUP scientists, using microwave, infrared and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. Relevant to ICOS-INWIRE are remote sensing measurements by FTIR-spectrometry. The sites included in ICOS-INWIRE are NyAlesund (Spitsbergen), Orleans (France), Bialystok (Poland). The instrument at NyAlesund is operated in cooperation with the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) in Bremerhaven. The FTIR-observatories at Bialystok and Orleans have been automated by the IUP to measure autonomously during clear sky conditions.
LUNDS UNIVERSITET, Lund University, ULUND, Sweden
Lund University is the largest University in Scandinavia with 46000 students and 6000 staff with research and education within faculties of science, technology, law, social sciences, humanities and theology, medicine, economics and theatre and arts. The team participating in INWIRE belongs to the Department of Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, Faculty of Science. The team leader, prof. Anders Lindroth is Director of ICOS Sweden which will contribute 6 ecosystem and 3 atmospheric sites to the pan-European ICOS. The team has been operating the Norunda site with its 102 m tower since 1994 and the team contributes to the project with expertise in micrometeorology, boundary-layer meteorology and biogeophysics.
FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO,
Foundation Center of Environmental Studies for the Mediterranean, CEAM, Spain
Foundation CEAM was created in 1991 by the Spanish government to address specific environmental research areas in the Mediterranean Basin. CEAM is a European leader on air pollution dynamics in the Mediterranean Basin, and operates the EUropean PHOto Reactor (EUPHORE), the world largest simulation chamber facility for atmospheric chemistry. Additionally, CEAM is involved in programmes like meteorology of serious environmental hazards (high winds, torrential rains), evaluation of air pollution effects on vegetation, carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems, land-cover reclamation after wildfires, and desertification. CEAM regularly advises
the Spanish government and the EC on air pollution, desertification and climate change issues and contributes to the IPCC and the groups of the UNECE CLRTAP and the UNFCCC.
The team participating in ICOS-INWIRE belongs to the "carbon cycle" group. The group has extensive experience in eddy covariance and ancillary measurements at flux tower stations gained through its participation in various carbon related European projects (MEDEFLU, CARBOEUROFLUX, RECAB, MIND, CARBOMONT, CARBOEUROPE-IP, NITROEUROPE-IP, IMECC, CARBOEXTREME, GHG-EUROPE and INGOS) and acts currently as national ICOS focal point for Spain. At national level, the group coordinates the CARBORED Spanish network of ecosystem eddy covariance flux stations. The CEAM core facility related to the ICOS-INWIRE proposal is the "Las Majadas" flux station that is one terrestrial ecosystems site of the ICOS Demonstration Experiment. The group has developed an automated data transmission system using cellular UMTS router with remote desktop at this flux station, and implemented an automated failure alert system based on automated data basic QC routines.
HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO, University of Helsinki, UHEL, Finland
The Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Physics in University of Helsinki has over 25 year tradition in atmospheric research. Over one hundred scientists and doctoral students are currently engaged in this area. Main scientific aim has been to reduce scientific uncertainties concerning global climate change issues, particularly those related to greenhouse gases, aerosols and clouds. UHEL is a world leader in atmospheric aerosol science and one of the founders of "terrestrial ecosystem meteorology" and key countries in developing of ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System) for monitoring of concentrations and fluxes of nitrous oxide and methane beside carbon dioxide. The core facilities related to proposed research are the SMEAR II field station located in Hyytiälä, Southern Finland, which is also part of ICOS.
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA, University of Studies of Tuscia, UNITUS, Italy
The Department for innovation in biological, agro-food and forest systems (DIBAF) of UNITUS is composed by about 50 full time permanent scientists working in the field of agricultural and forest research, biotechnology and food security. DIBAF has considerable experience, at national and international level, in projects dealing with forestry, carbon, energy, and water cycling, ecosystem modelling, remote sensing, rehabilitation of degraded areas and land management. The Department is also actively involved in national and international (IPCC) initiatives aiming to provide the scientific background for the implementation of the Rio conventions and the Kyoto protocol.
In the last 5 years DIBAF developed and managed the databases and data processing schemes used in different European projects acquiring ecosystem fluxes measurements with the aim to standardize them across Europe and facilitate continental analysis. In the context of sensors developments the Department realized, tested and patented an integrated system for eddy covariance measurements of dust fluxes (Fratini et al 2007 Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2839–2854) and developed a multispectral system for airborne measurements (Papale et al 2006 Sensors).
DIBAF is or has been involved in many Italian, European and international projects, as coordinator or full participant. Examples are: EUROFLUX; CARBOEUROFLUX; VULCAN; EUROFACE; POPFACE; CARBODATA; CarboEurope-GHG; CarboEurope-IP; CARBOAFRICA; NitroEurope IP; IMECC; CIRCE; COCOS; ICOS; CARBO-Extreme; GHG-Europe, GeoCarbon, INGOS. The DIBAF department and UNITUS are also coordinating the ICOS Ecosystem Thematic Center preparation.
VERENIGING VOOR CHRISTELIJK HOGER ONDERWIJS WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK EN PATIENTENZORG, Union for Christian Higher Education, Research and Patient Care, VUA, The Netherlands
Environmental research at the VU University Amsterdam is carried out at the Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences. The environmental research includes research on physical processes related to the impact of land use change on our climate, water resources, groundwater, geohydrology and ecological systems, geomorphology, biodiversity, carbon and nutrient cycling, as well as research on the social and economic issues and drivers leading to such land use change. The Department of Hydrology and Geo-environmental Science of the Faculty is involved in several studies on Global Change, in particular the interaction of land use (change) with hydrology, measurement and modelling of water, energy and CO2 exchange of the biosphere, links with hydrology and transport within the atmospheric boundary layer. VUA was at the origin of Fluxnet. VUA has an extensive experience in method development (e.g. flux angle method). VUA developed the first CH4 eddy covariance systems using ring down cavity laser methods.
The department is involved in several EU and national projects both as PI and coordinator, among which the GEO-Carbon, GHG CarboEurope, Amazalert, CarboExtreme, and the CLIMAFRICA project. It coordinated until recently the COCOS Coordination action on Carbon Observing Systems (FP7).
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, National Center for Scientific Research, CNRS, France
The Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique is a joint research unit whose main supervisory authorities are Ecole Nationale Supérieure , University Pierre et Marie Curie , Ecole Polytechnique and French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). The laboratory has strong relation with the French national space centre(CNES). The LMD created in 1968 is since 1998, a research organization based on three university campus at l'École Polytechnique in Palaiseau, at École Normale Supérieure and at University Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris. The LMD mainly studies climate, pollution and the atmosphere of planets using both theoretical approaches, instrumental development for observation and numerical modelisation. It is a leader on the research about dynamical and physical processes to study and forecast the meteorological and climatic phenomena. CNRS/LMD is motivated to provide expertise on boundary layer retrievals using lidar and ancillary observations implemented and tested for many ICOS stations.